تدریس انگلیسی کنکور

حل تشریحی سوالات ریدینگ و کلوز تست زبان کنکور ریاضی ۹۷

حل تشریحی سوالات ریدینگ و کلوز تست زبان کنکور ریاضی ۹۷

Cloze Test

Questions 88-92 are related to the following passage.

James Anderson writes about the waste of energy in hotels: overheated rooms, lights (88)——— on all night, towels that are used once and then sent to be washed. He is right, but why stop with hotels? Would it not be better (89)——– all the other mindless waste that characterizes modern life?

In the morning I walk down the high street past shops whose doors are wide open, (90)——– hot air into the street. At the supermarket I take my frozen vegetables from a (91)———— that is completely open. My children leave their computers (92)——— when they go out and their phone chargers plugged in with no phone on the other end. What does all this waste show?

-۸۸

۱) are left

۲) leaving

۳) which leave

۴) that are left

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

۸۹-

۱) to mention

۲) was mentioned

۳) that mentioned

۴) for mentioning

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

۹۰-

۱) blowing

۲) producing

۳) crossing

۴) lifting

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

۹۱-

۱) cabinet cooling

۲) cabinet cooled

۳) cooling of cabinet

۴) cooling cabinet

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

۹۲-

۱) off

۲) on

۳) around

۴) up

جواب گزینه ۲ است.

Reading Comprehension

Questions 93-96 are related to the following passage.

She remembers the moment the photographer took her picture. The man was a stranger, but he asked if he could and she agreed to let him take it. She had never been photographed before and until they met a second time seventeen years later, she was not photographed again.

The photographer, Steve McCurry, remembers the moment too. It was 1984 and he was recording the lives of Afghan refugees in a camp in Pakistan. She was looking out of the school tent and he admits thinking at the time that the picture would be nothing special. Yet the ‘Afghan girl’, as the picture is now known, became, after a few years, one of the most iconic images. McCurry used her intense expression, so untypical of an average, carefree girl, to warn us not to ignore the victims of war, especially its young victims.

In 2002 National Geographic encouraged McCurry to return to Pakistan to look for the girl. After showing her photo around the refugee camp, he found a man who had known her as a child and knew where to find her. He offered to bring her from her home in the Tora Bora mountains in Afghanistan and after three days returned with Sharbat Gula, a woman perhaps 29 years old. McCurry knew at once that this was her.

۹۳- It can be understood from the passage that the first time Sharbat Gula was photographed she was about ———–.

۱) ۱۱

۲) ۱۷

۳) ۲۹

۴) in her twenties

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

۹۴- According to the passage, the picture Steve McCurry took from the Afghan girl ——–.

۱) was one he himself knew would become famous

۲) was made popular by National Geographic

۳) gained people’s attention later on

۴) was an immediate success

جواب گزینه ۳ است.

۹۵- According to the passage, when Steve McCurry came back in 2002 to took another picture ———.

۱) Sharbat Gula had changed so much that he was greatly surprised

۲) he had to wait for three days before he could see Sharbat Gula

۳) he managed to find Sharbat Gula himself and very quickly

۴) Sharbat Gula was living in another camp in Pakistan

جواب گزینه ۲ است.

۹۶- The passage is most likely to continue with ———-.

۱) an explanation of why Steve McCurry agreed to go to Pakistan a second time

۲) reasons why Sharbat Gula and other Afghan women look attractive in pictures

۳) what the focus of National Geographic in news reporting in

۴) a description of what Sharbat Gula looked like then

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

Questions 97-100 are related to the following passage.

People love to compare and contrast. In most parts of England, you buy your bus ticket on the bus. In France, you buy it at a metro station. In Australia, you can buy it from a newsagent. We all find this kind of comparison amusing. Books on cross-cultural communication use our curiosity by focusing on differences between people across the world: in social behavior, the roles they play in society, their viewpoint towards money, the importance of their body language, etc.

Proxemics, the study of different standards of personal space, is one example. How closed I stand to someone when I am speaking to them depends not only on my relationship to them, but also on my culture. This is important because if the person I am with is not used to standing as near as I do when we are talking to each other, they might feel uncomfortable. Statistics tell us that the average distance at which two people stand in a social context-neighbors talking together, for example-is anything between 1.2 meters and 3.5 meters. In Latin cultures (South America, Italy, etc) and also in China this distance tends to be smaller, while in Nordic cultures (Sweden, Denmark, etc.) people usually stand further apart.

۹۷- Which of the following best describes the way the information in the passage is presented?

۱) A particular event is mentioned the reasons for its existence are discussed.

۲) A general point is made and then a particular case related to it is mentioned.

۳) An interesting topic is introduced and the ideas for and against it are stated.

۴) Different aspects of the same thing are introduced and are then compared.

جواب گزینه ۲ است.

۹۸- According to the passage, how close we stand to someone we are communicating with varies based on the following factors EXCEPT ———-.

۱) our culture

۲) our country

۳) our neighbors

۴) our relationship with them

جواب گزینه ۳ است.

۹۹- According to the passage, the distance at which people stand in a social context ———.

۱) is 1.2 meters or 3.5 meters all over the world

۲) is the smallest in the world in Latin cultures

۳) tends to change in the course of time

۴) is not fixed under all circumstances

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

۱۰۰- Which of the following is defined in the passage?

۱) proxemics

۲) social context

۳) social behavior

۴) cross-cultural communication

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

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