تدریس انگلیسی کنکور

پاسخ تشریحی سوالات درک مطلب کنکور تجربی ۹۷

پاسخ تشریحی سوالات درک مطلب کنکور تجربی ۹۷

Passage 1

When we are learning a foreign language, we tend to think that it is important to understand everything that we here. But when you are listening to someone talking in your own language, you probably don’t listen at 100% and no do you probably need/wish to.

Thus, an essential rule for improving your understanding of Native English speakers is not to expect to understand everything they say. My wife and I are both from Tokyo in Japan. When we watch DVDs of English television series, we watch with subtitles- if we don’t have subtitles, we sometimes miss about 20% of what is said. However, even if we don’t turn on the subtitle and thus miss 20%, we still understand enough to follow the story.

Understanding enough to follow the plot should be your objective too. By plot I mean a conversation in a restaurant, a formal presentation, a telephone call.

In non-strictly technical or scientific encounters, conversations are often more a means of being together, a socio-cultural event in which relations are established, rather than an opportunity for exchanging information. Most of the time, what is dead may be completely irrelevant. Quite often talking is merely and end in itself. When we go out for dinner with friends, the main object is not to collect useful information but simply to interact with the people we are with and enjoy each other’s company.

۹۳- Why does the author refer to the experience of talking in the mother tongue (paragraph 1)?

۱)to prove that learning a new language is not easy.

۲)to show that our knowledge of our native language is perfect.

۳)to support the main point mentioned in an earlier statement in the same program.

۴)to state that the mental effort to understand when orders are talking to you is more that the mental effort you make when you yourself are talking.

جواب گزینه ۳ است.

۹۴- According to paragraph 2, when one is watching a film in foreign language —- .

۱) subtitles are to be used if one is expected to be able to follow the line of the story perfectly enough

۲)one can understand and enjoy the story even if one does not understand everything that the film characters say

۳)one is very likely to miss 20% of the content of the film even if one is watching the film with subtitles

۴)it is enough for one to understand 20% of what the characters in the film say in order to understand the general points in the film.

جواب گزینه ۲ است.

۹۵- In which paragraph has the author used example exemplification to make herself better understood?

۱) only paragraph 1

۲)only paragraph 2

۳)only paragraph 4

۴) both paragraph 2 and paragraph 4

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

۹۶- What makes the focus of paragraph 4 different from the focus of the first 3 paragraphs is that this paragraph is concerned more with the role of language in — .

۱)bringing people together

۲)research-related activities

۳)enhancing scientific achievements

۴)cultural development in the world

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

Passage 2

Human-related environmental issues or not new. The problem of deforestation, desertification, water pollution, climate change and the extinction of species have been present throughout the history of the Earth. However, with today’s advanced science and technology, people can do greater damages to nature and do it more quickly. The impacts are further compounded. On the other hand, due to population growth, humans are encouraged more than ever to use natural resources to meet the needs of the increasing population, although they know that they are doing is not without environmental consequences. But most of all, the effect of human-created environmental modification are no longer limited to a local or regional level, but are extending through the whole planet.

The cause of environmental damage is deeply rooted in human culture. Through hundreds of years of industrialization and exploitation of natural resources, humans are acting on the assumption that we are the best species on earth. Because of our cleverness, science and power and materialism we have lost our respect for nature, which would definitely result in our own destruction in the long term. In a world in which materialistic standards are in Control, people are made to inefficiently use more natural resources, since personal wealth is becoming the ultimate measure of success in the eye of society.

۹۷- All of the following are mentioned as factors leading to more man-related damage to the environment EXCEPT —- .

۱)extinction of animals and plants

۲)more advanced technology

۳)growing human population

۴)part of human culture

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

۹۸- The word it in paragraph 1 refers to —- .

۱) Earth

۲)nature

۳)technology

۴)damage to measure

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

۹۹- It can not be understood from the passage that if humans manage to be less materialistic, they would — .

۱)prevent their long-term destruction

۲)begin to show more respect for nature

۳)make more reasonable use of natural resources

۴)cause much less local and global damage to the environment

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

۱۰۰- The passage seems to imply that the present human Society — .

۱)it is general ruled by materialistic standards

۲)will soon stop viewing itself as the best society on the planet

۳)is unware of the global damage it is causing to the environment

۴)would act more quickly to save the environment if it really knew how valuable the environment is

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

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