تدریس انگلیسی کنکور

پاسخ تشریحی سوالات درک مطلب کنکور تجربی ۹۸

پاسخ تشریحی سوالات درک مطلب کنکور تجربی ۹۸

Passage 1

In the early 1990s, many villages turned to solar power in parts of Africa where life was hard because of the absence of electricity. Perhaps the greatest project of this nature, and one that is often mentioned, is Zimbabwean project supported by UNDP thorough the global environment facility (GEF). The plan, jointly funded by GEF and Zimbabwe, made use of some 9000 solar power systems throughout the country to improve leaving standards, but also to decrease land degradation and pollution.

Shamva, 70 kilometers from Zimbabwe’s capital, is now one of the best solar-village models in the country. 52 commercial farming families share systems; there is one system for every two houses. Each family has two lamps and a connection for a radio or a small television set. The new lighting systems have improved quality of life for the community. They have increased study hours for schoolchildren, reduced rural-to-urban migration in the area, and upgraded health standards by electrifying a local health center.

۹۳-What is the best title for the passage?

۱)Shmva’s farmers share solar power systems

۲)Zimbabwean development program

۳)future of Solar power in Africa

۴)New ways to produce energy

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

۹۴- According to the passage, the Zimbabwean Project — .

۱)has been successful in one particular village

۲)has been financially supported by the Zimbabwean government only

۳) has influenced the living standards of some rural people in Zimbabwe

۴) has a long way to go before it’s effects can be observed in people’s life

جواب گزینه ۳ است.

۹۵-Which of the following is TRUE about Shamva.

۱)It didn’t used to have a local health center

۲)It is closest village to Zimbabwe’s capital

۳)It is located in an area where access to electricity is very difficult

۴) It is equipped with some solar systems shared by the families living there

جواب گزینه ۴ است.

۹۶-What does the word ’they’ in paragraph 2 refer to?

۱)lamps

۱) lighting systems

۲)people in shamva

۳)radio and television sets

جواب گزینه ۲ است.

Passage 2

Culture shock is a term used to describe the process a person experiences when living outside his or her culture for a line period of time. Culture shock is a reality to many international students. When moving to a new culture, international students must deal with a language that may be unfamiliar, incomprehensible customs and values, and cultural expectation the students may not be fully aware of. As a result, the students may go through emotional extremes raging excitement with the new culture to depression. I, like most foreign students, had to face the harsh reality of culture shock as I pursued my college career. But it wasn’t an easy process. There is no magic pill or vaccine.  To be successful, international students should become familiar with the process of culture shock, a process that become my way of feeling at ease with French culture.

۹۷- According to the passage, culture shock is experienced — .

۱)by almost all international students

۲)by students not familiar with their own culture

۳)especially when foreign students do not know the language of the foreign country

۴)because students who start college are not old enough to take care of themselves alone

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

۹۸-Which of the following statements is TRUE about the author of this passage?

۱)He did not have the problem of culture shock

۲)it took him a long time to adapt himself to his native culture

۳)He spent at least part of his education for from his homeland

۴) He went to France in order to find a job to pay his education fees

جواب گزینه ۳ است.

۹۹-According to the passage, an effect of culture shock is — .

۱) poor language ability

۲) excitement with the new culture

۳)unfamiliar cultural expectations

۴)incomprehensible customs and values

جواب گزینه ۲ است.

۱۰۰-The author’s purpose of saying, ‘there is no magic pill or vaccine’ is to emphasize the fact that —.

۱)getting over culture shock is not easy and takes time and effort

۲)even doctors can not help the students who suffer from culture shock

۳)medical doctors have not yet found a way to help those who are culturally shocked

۴)becoming successful in a foreign country becomes a reality only if foreigners work hard

جواب گزینه ۱ است.

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